July 22, 2017 LGBT News 0

Important Events: A Comprehensive Time

Source: harvardcrcl.org

The LGBTQ+ community has gone through a tremendous amount of pain, but there have also been some victories along the way. Although the fight for equality is far from over, there have been some strides in addition to the setbacks. Here are some of the crucial events that have paved the road to present day:

  • 1930-1940: During the Holocaust and Hitler’s reign, countless homosexuals were taken to concentration camps. They were branded by a pink triangle that was upside down to represent their unacceptable sexual habits.
  • 1945: The first female to male sex change took place in Britain on Michael Dillon.
  • 1948: Alfred Kinsey published the book “Sexual Behavior in the Human Male”, which revealed just how common homosexuality really is. Kinsey also created the Kinsey Scale, a revolutionary tool used to describe someone’s sexuality on a scale from completely heterosexual to completely homosexual.
  • 1952: The American Psychiatric Association released its first list of mental disorders and illnesses, including homosexuality. In the diagnostic manual, homosexuality is described as a “sociopathic personality disturbance”.
  • 1953: President Eisenhower banned homosexuals from working for the government, reasoning that they are a security threat and shouldn’t work for the federal government if they engage in what he calls “sexual perversion”.

Source: huffpost.com

  • 1956: Evelyn Hooker approached the American Psychological Association after researching the differences between heterosexual and homosexual men in regards to their mental health. Her results showed that there were no differences in the mental stability when the two were compared.
  • 1962: Illinois decriminalized homosexuality and homosexual acts (as long as it is consensual and in private), being the first state to do so.

Source: i.ytimg.com

  • 1966: Columbia University established the first gay collegiate organization for students, the Student Homophile League.
  • 1969: The Stonewall Riots took place in Greenwich Village, New York City. New York Police raided a gay bar named The Stonewall Inn unjustly, causing gays to protest the raids. This was one of the most important events in LGBTQ+ history.
  • 1970: The first gay pride parades were held on the anniversary of Stonewall.
  • 1973: Thanks to Evelyn Hooker, the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses.
  • 1974: Elaine Noble was elected to the Massachusetts State Legislature, being the first openly gay candidate to be elected to a state office.
  • 1977-1978: Harvey Milk was the third elected public official to be openly LGBTQ+ in the United States. After being elected City Supervisor of San Francisco, he was assassinated by Dan White in 1978. However, this was the same year that the first rainbow flag was flown in San Francisco.
  • 1979: The National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights took place, including over 100,000 people.
  • 1982: The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force launched a project to fight homophobic violence in the United States.
  • 1982: Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) went national, opening multiple chapters throughout the United States.
  • 1987-1988: Multiple organizations began to take action to bring awareness to AIDS. In fact, the World Health Organization created the first ever Worlds AIDS Day.
  • 1992: The World Health Organization removed homosexuality from the international list of diseases.
  • 1993: Bill Clinton passed Don’t Ask Don’t Tell, prohibiting gay and lesbian soldiers from being open about their sexuality while in the military.
  • 1996: President Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act, defining marriage as a union strictly between a man and a woman.
  • 1997: Ellen DeGeneres came out as gay on the cover of Time Magazine. Ellen also became the first lead character to come out on television the same year.
  • 2000: Vermont became the first state to legalize civil unions.
  • 2004: Massachusetts legalized same-sex marriage.
  • 2008: Proposition 8 was put into effect in California, banning same-sex marriage.
  • 2010: Don’t Ask Don’t Tell was repealed, allowing LGBTQ+ soldiers to serve openly.
  • 2011: The Obama Administration no longer supported the Defense of Marriage Act.
  • 2012: Tammy Baldwin was elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first openly gay politician.
  • 2015: Same-sex marriage was legalized on a national level by the United States Supreme Court.
  • 2016: Eric Fanning became the Secretary of the Army, making him the first openly LGBTQ+ secretary of a military branch in the United States.